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82-YO Romanian Loom Weaver Still In-Service Makes Folk Skirts for Village Community

82-YO Romanian Loom Weaver Still In-Service Makes Folk Skirts for Village Community

In the region of Bucovina, the folk skirt worn as part of the Romanian costume, is a rectangular piece of cloth, woven on a loom, featuring woven stripes pattern. It is wrapped around the waist and fastened at one side. To see how a folk skirt is made, we had to find rare people who still practice traditional loom weaving. The folk skirt is still worn at special occasions, such as going to church, traditional weddings, traditional proms where the traditional outfit is mandatory. After looking for a while, we arrived at loom weaver Maxin Nistor’s house, in the village of Arbore. To my surprise, this Romanian artisan is still weaving at the age of 82, and his floor loom was already set up.

Traditional Loom Weaving

He began to work in 1956, weaving tapestry,  carpets, waist belts, even for Elena Ceaușescu, the wife of the Romania’s Communist leader. During communism, he provided jobs for 400 cooperative employees.

Today, he is still weaving traditional skirts for his villagers and people nearby.

How is the Folk Skirt Made – VIDEO

Read also The Craft of the Peasant Bag

The folk skirt  is manually woven on a 4 heddle loom.

Loom Weaving

The warp consists on 1800 yarns, caught in high tension on the loom. It takes him two days just to set up the loom for weaving, and another two to finish the skirt.

Romanian Loom Weaver

The horizontal edges, called bate, have different color than the rest of the background: it remains black, while the edges of the warp will be red, blue, green.

Romanian Village

The weft yarns are usually industrial wool, cotton and an imitation of a metallic yarn with different colors: red, green, yellow, silver, golden.

Romanian Costume

Before the introduction of the industrially available yarns. genuine materials like organic handspun and vegetable tanned wool, metallic, golden, silver or silk yarns were employed. A whole lot of work was to be done until they were ready to be woven: sheep shearing, wool cleaning, heckling, dyeing, spinning.

Traditional Loom Weaving

The weft represents the ornament of the skirt. It consists of grouped lines, called vârste, perpendicular on the red edges.

Floor Loom

The weft yarns, carried by the shuttle, are inserted back and forth through the shed, adding or changing colors.

Read also Vladimir, the 19 Years Old Millennial Loom Weaving Fabric, Spinning, Knitting

Traditional Loom Weaver

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