IA, the Romanian traditional blouse, represent the main piece of the national folk dress, with double meaning:
- the underwear for the lower part of the body;
- an ornamental top. The extensions (underwear) can be found separated, sewn or built-in.
Based on their cutting, these tops are divided into two main groups:
Traditional Blouse Cuttings Type I – The Straight Tunic or Poncho Style
Represented by the straight cutting blouses, worn by borth men and women, this type of blouse was considered an old style blouse, usually worn at work. The straight blouse is appropriate for older women. It is made from a single piece of fabric “stan”, with a head hole, covering the back and front body parts, woven on a loom. The head hole has an extension cut in the material.
Straight sleeves are caught at the shoulders and at the armpits with square parts of material of different dimensions “pave”.
Two pieces of material “clini” are added on each side of the fabric, to extend the width of the chest and back.
Read also The Romanian Traditional Clothing
Romanian Traditional Blouse Cuttings Type II – Gathered at the Neck
The sleeves, front and back parts are gathered and pleated at the neck with a string “brezărău”.
The brezărău passes through the material or on a crocheted collar.
Another way of gathering the parts at the neck, is passing with the string through a crocheted collar or lace.
Similar to the first type of blouses, they are caught under arms with “pave”.
The structure of the Romanian traditional clothing for women is composed of the traditional blouse and a wrap round skirt, worn especially in cold places.
One front apron, or even two back and front aprons are worn in cooler places, depending on the climate of the areas.